Serpong – The President of Indonesia Joko Widodo officially opened the 2020 National Coordinating Meeting of the Ministry of Research and Technology/National Agency for Research and Innovation in Graha Widia Bhakti, Research Center for Science and Technology (Puspiptek) Complex, Serpong, South Tangerang (30/1).
In the occasion, President Jokowi stated that Ministry of Research and Technology as the research and innovation activities consolidator needs to focus in developing strategic research priorities, increasing the welfare of the people, and addressing the issues of the nation while utilizing the global opportunities for the better future for Indonesia.
“Ministry of Research and Technology needs to detect and identify the strategic and innovative research topics according to what the nation needs. The bureaucrats need to intervene kn identifying the problems from the upstream to the downstream and solving the challenges by research and innovations. Ministry of Research and Technology should be the agency for the innovation intelligences of the nation,” said President Jokowi.
Specifically, President Jokowi delivered the three directives for the Ministry of Research and Technology. First, Ministry of Research and Technology shod consolidate the national strategic research agenda in various fields. He expected those researches to bring out added values for the country and for the economy.
Second, the President expected the Ministry of Research and Technology to conduct the budget consolidation. According to the President, the research budget in Indonesia is distributed in various research institutions, which, if combined, reaches the value of IDR 27 trillion. He stated that if the research fund is well consolidated, it will generate inventions, and it is not possible to reach 2 to 4 times. He emphasized to not only produce research reports that will only be put in a drawer.
“This is a huge number. Although it is still far from what we expected. But we must finish this and consolidate until we produce good research downstreaming,” he added.
Third, the President expected the Ministry of Research and Technology to consolidate the actors and network to be involved in the national strategic innovations. Beside consolidating 329 research units owned by the ministries and institutions, the President expected all parties to be working together, including to increase the private roles in top researches.
“We could give incentives for the private sectors via super deduction tax. Last time in South Korea, the trend in developed countries is most of the researchers are working in private sectors. This is what I have observed,” he said.
Before delivering his speech, the President reviewed the exhibition of innovation products created by Indonesian youth. The event exhibits the functional food processing technology, metabolite stem cells, black eagle drone, the “Merah Putih” catalyst, and many others.
In the same ocassion, the Minister of Research and Technology/Chairman of National Agency for Research and Innovation Bambang Brodjonegoro explained the 4 strategic issues in front of the President and officials attending the event.
“There are several strategic issues of the current development of research, technology, and innovation. First, the utilization of research and technology as the driver of sustainable economic growth,” said Minister Bambang.
He explained that the government had determined the economic growth target on the range of 5.4 to 6 percent per year. Therefore, his ministry need to make sure that the research products in every development will contribute to the economic growth.
The second issue is the increasing effectivity of the utilization of research, technology, and innovation funds. Minister Bambang stated that government bank funding in Indonesia was still on the range of 0.25 percent of the GDP. The 84 percent of them came from the government budget, and only 8 percent came from the industries.
“However, the government budget is distributed on various R&D units, ministries, and institutions. So it allows the duplication and inefficiencies,” he added.
The third issue is regarding the low adoption capacity of research, technology, and innovation in Indonesia. Minister Bambang explained that Indonesia is currently on the 85th rank of 129 countries with the Global Innovation Index score of 29.27 from the scale of 0-100 in 2019. He stated that this matter was caused by the low R&D spending on GDP, the low number of patents, and low science and engineering publication numbers in the global scale.
“Moreover, the limited R&D infrastructure and the limited number of human resources in research and technology, which was only 14.08% them who are qualified as doctor or have PhD degree,” he explained.
The fourth issue is regarding the innovation ecosystem matter which is not entirely created. Such condition slows down the downstreaming and commercializing process of R&D products. He stated that the triple helix collaboration between the government, researchers, and industry sectors has not been supported by the adequate R&D institutions and universities as the technology innovation resources.
The fifth issue, in economic transformation context, the Ministry of Research and Technology/National Agency for Research and Innovation will be focused on R&D and downstreaming process which produces efficient technologies, import substitution, as well as the increasing number of the Domestic Component Level (TKDN), the increasing of national’s added value, and the mastery of new technology. Minister Bambang stated that Ministry of Research and Technology/National Agency for Research and Innovation will encourage the implementation of national research program and ensure each actor of research and innovation truly understand what must be the focus and what must be done.
“We need to ensure that the research and innovation will contribute in the economic growth acceleration agenda, solving national problems, sustainable development agenda, and national research and technology autonomy agenda,” he said.
Also displayed in the event are several innovation products from the Non-Ministry Government Institutions, including:
1. National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN)
a. The Development of Radioisotopes and Radiopharmaceuticals for Cancer
b. Prototype of Industrial Scale Nuclear Power Plant
2. Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT)
a. Bone Implants
b. Railroad Technology (Rapid Train)
c. PUNA/PTTA MALE Combatant Drone
d. Integrated Salt
e. National Big Data System
f. Harbour Tugboat Ship
3. National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)
a. Amphibious N219 Aircraft
b. Low Orbit Communication Constellation Satellite
c. Two Level Rocket
4. Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI)
Food Processing Technology
5. Research Center for Science and Technology (Puspiptek)
Tenant Products Assisted by Technology Business Incubation Center (TBIC), including Green Well infiltration wells
6. The Directorate of Industrial Innovation, Ministry of Research and Technology/National Agency for Research and Innovation
a. IPB 3S Superior Seeds
b. University of Indonesia’s Stem Cells, Metabolites, and Tissue Engineering
c. Bandung Institute of Technology’s Merah Putih Catalyst
d. Sebelas Maret University Lithium Battery
7. The Directorate of Technology-Based Startup Program (PPBT)
Chosen tenant products from the Technology-Based Startup Program, including flat plate ship
Also attending the event is the 5th President Megawati Soekarnoputri, the Speaker of the House Puan Maharani, the Chairman of the Regional Representative Council La Nyalla Mattalitti, Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Security Mahfud Md, Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Cultural Affairs Muhadjir Effendy, Minister of State Secretariat Pratikno, and the Minister of Education and Culture Nadiem Anwar Makarim.
Among them is the Minister of Industry Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita, Minister of Health Terawan Agus Putranto, Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/Chairman of the National Land Agency Sofyan Djalil, Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Arifin Tasrif, Minister of Trade Agus Suparmanto, Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection I Gusti Ayu Bintang Darmawati, and the Minister of Cooperatives and Small and Medium Enterprises Teten Masduki, as well as the Banten Governor Wahidin Halim.